Arabica coffees from Papua have caught the attention of national and international coffee fans. The coffees in Papua, especially from Pegungan Bintang, are grown above an altitude of 1,800 meters. On top of lush mountains with minimal sunlight, Papuan coffee ripens slowly and perfectly.
That is what makes the taste of Papua coffee at the top of the ranks of specialty coffees. But where did the coffee come from? Papuan coffee was brought from Papua New Guinea (PNG) in the early 21st century by the Dutch government and
PNG first started coffee cultivation. Luckily, the country has 14 active volcanoes that help soil fertility. Meanwhile, volcanoes are not found in Papua Province. In Papua New Guinea, coffee is widely grown in mountainous areas. One of them is the Mount Hagen plateau with an altitude of 1200-1800 masl.
The coffee plant in Papua New Guinea was introduced by the British colonialists in 1937. The Papua New Guinea coffee variety is Jamaican Blue Mountain Arabica imported directly from Kingston, Jamaica. The beloved traditional flavors from this original plant line were embellished with floral and fruity hints from the new environment.
Coffee from Jamaica is grown, in several areas in Papua New Guinea. In the northern highlands of Papua New Guinea, coffee grows at an altitude of up to 1,500-1,900 masl, with high rainfall, the coffee plants that grown in this area have some of the best quality with a complex flavor.
Seeing the origins of Papuan coffee from PNG and Jamaica, it’s no wonder the coffee has a rich taste.